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The population census, according to the modern definition, is a complete process of collection, reception, assessment, analysis, publication and distribution of demographic, economic and social data, which relate, at a given moment in time, to a well-defined geographic area.
A population census is a special, widespread activity which is carried out once a decade in the entire country. Its purpose is to collect information on the whole population in order to present a full and reliable picture of the population of that country, its housing conditions and demographic, social and economic characteristics. The information collected includes data on: age, sex, country of origin, year of immigration, marital status, housing conditions, marriage, number of children, education, employment, traveling habits, etc.
The population census is the most detailed source of information on the population at all levels of geographic distribution: from the national level down to small localities, neighbourhoods in cities and small population groups. The data obtained create a basis of information which is available to public and private elements on the national and local levels, for purposes of making decisions in a variety of areas of life of the residents of the country.
   
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