|To date, six population censuses
have been held in the State of Israel. The first census was at the
establishment of the State, in 1948, and since then censuses have been
conducted approximately once a decade.
|The 2008 Census
Census 2008 is an integrated census, this census was conducted in a new and unique, the commander based on the combined use of data from administrative sources with sample data collected in surveys.
|The 1995 Census
|The 1983 Census
|In the 1983 census a change
was made in the method of collecting data from the residents. Similarly to
previous censuses, this time too the enumeration was conducted in two stages:
In the first stage the residents received questionnaires of two types,
for filling in themselves: a short questionnaire, which included a small
number of basic demographic questions and was distributed to 80% of all
households; and an extended questionnaire, which was distributed to the
remaining 20% of households. The extended questionnaire included, in addition
to basic demographic questions, a variety of detailed questions on social,
economic and demographic subjects.
In the second stage the enumerators returned to the residents'
homes and collected the questionnaires. At this stage they also completed,
with the help of the residents, anything missing in the answers.
This method made it possible to concentrate on enumerating all the households
in the first stage (the stage of distributing the questionnaires), and
concentrate on problems relating to filling out the questionnaires in the
second stage (the stage of collecting the questionnaires). The addition of
a short questionnaire for the residents to fill out alone (in previous
censuses they only filled out the extended questionnaire by themselves)
reduced the burden on the enumerators to a great degree, and made it possible
for them to concentrate on correcting errors and completing missing material.
The change made in the enumeration stages reduced greatly the extent of
the "non-responses" (to questions) in the extended questionnaires, and thus
also improved the coverage and quality of information obtained, compared with
the previous censuses.
1983 Census Questionnaire
|The 1972 Census
|The 1972 census was conducted
in an identical manner to that of 1961. In the 1972 census the use of computers
was incorporated in the preparation stages; data from the Residents Register
was printed in advance on the questionnaires, and during the data processing
stage, the statistical publications of the census were produced by computers.
1972 Census Questionnaire
|The 1961 Census
|The 1961 census was defined
from the very beginning of its planning as a "scientific" census (i.e.,
whose declared purpose was conducting a statistical and modern census), and
therefore this was the first statistical census conducted in Israel. At the
time, it was among the advanced censuses conducted in the developed world,
both in its methods and in its findings. It was also the first census which
made widespread use of the data of the Residents Register, for the improvement
of surveying the population. This use of data from the Residents Register has
been made, and even widened, in all the censuses since then.
The 1961 census was conducted in two stages. In the first stage, the entire
population was asked questions on demographic subjects and later, in the
second stage, 20% of all households received broader questionnaires with
questions on social and economic subjects. This census was among the first
in the world that was also used to distribute a broader questionnaire to a
sample of 20% of the population.
1961 Census Questionnaire
|The 1948 Census - The First Census
|The first enumeration of
the population in the State of Israel was held in November, 1948,
a short time after the establishment of the State - at the height of
the War of Independence. The census was conducted by the Central
Bureau of Statistics, in cooperation with the Ministry of the
Interior. In this census, the residents were listed with the main
purpose of establishing a Population Register and preparing a basis
for distributing identity cards to the residents for the first
Knesset elections. The 1948 census created the base for statistical
data in the country. Since then, ongoing statistics on the population
have been conducted by monthly updates of data, which are diligently
compiled with the aid of information obtained from listings of births
and deaths, address changes, and arrivals and departures to and from the
country, as well as tourism records.
The census was conducted in two stages. In the first stage,
the enumerators visited the residents' homes before the census date, and filled out the questionnaires that
included questions on basic demographic subjects, on employment, on
knowledge of reading and writing, and spoken languages. In the second
stage, on the day of the census - 8 November, 1948 - a general home
curfew was declared for 7 hours. The purpose of the curfew was to ensure
that all residents would be in their homes during the enumerators' visit and,
concurrently, to reduce the risk of people being enumerated more than once,
in two different places. During the curfew the enumerators returned to homes
they had visited previously and checked the accuracy of their records from
the first stage, added or subtracted the people who had accumulated or been
reduced since their first visit, received a photograph from each one of the
residents and presented them with a voucher that included their Identity
Number, with which they would later receive their official Identity Card.
After the 1948 census there were censuses in 1961, 1972, 1983 and 1995.
These censuses too, were held in two stages, although they were essentially
different than the first census, and had no house curfew. In the first stage,
the enumerators filled out the basic demographic data in the residents'
houses for all the residents. In the second stage, the enumerators only
went to 20% of all households, and gathered from them additional, more
detailed data, on social, economic and demographic subjects.