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Frequently Asked Questions

This Page was Lastly Updated at 29/09/2016

   
Animals
Archive/Historical data
Children
Construction
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
Crime / Public Order
Elderly
Elections
Financial and Capital Markets
Foreign Trade
Immigration
Industry
International Comparisons
Labor and Wages
Living Conditions
Localities
Names
National Accounts
Population
Press Releases
Religious/Non-religious
Social Survey
Terror
Tourism
Transportation
Women


 
*** For publications by topic - see List of Publications (in alphabetical order)
 
Animals
1)   Does the CBS publish data on animals?
Answer:  The CBS publishes data on animals, mainly in the context of Agriculture. See the chapter on Agriculture in the Statistical Abstract of Israel.
 
2)   Are data available on pets?
Answer:  There is very little information on pets. For further details, please contact the Information Unit.
 
 
Archive/Historical data
1)   Where is it possible to find data and publications that been published in previous years on various topics, e.g., population and immigration?
Answer:  Data from previous years can be found on the CBS website, under Archives Various series dealing with a wide range of topics can be downloaded from the Database.
 
 
Children
1)   How many children are there in Israel?
Answer:  That information can be found on the CBS website, under Statistical Abstract of Israel, Table 2.19. Additional information on children is presented in the Statistilite pamphlet on "Kids" (Hebrew Only). Data by age can be found in various publications. For details, contact the information unit.
 
 
Construction
1)   How many construction begun and completed were over the past year?
Answer:  Those statistics can be found on the CBS website, under Monthly Bulletin of Statistics, Chapter O , as well as in the publication , Construction in Israel. Selected data on construction can be found in press releases , by topic.
 
2)   Where are data published on building permits, by localities?
Answer:  Those data are published on the main page of the CBS website, under the heading "System of Permits for Private Building" (Hebrew Only)
 
3)   Is data published on second hand dwellings sold?
Answer:  No. There is only data on new dwellings sold.
 
 
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
1)   How does one calculate the inkage of a price to the CPI?
Answer:  On the home page of the CBS website, there is a calculator of prices to the CPI.The formula for calculating linkage is presented in the Monthly Bulletin of Price Statistics, Notes and Explanations to the Tables, Section C. I nstructions for calculating linkage to various indices are provided by the officials at the information units.
 
2)   How can an index be figured according to a specific base?
Answer:  Indices by various bases are provided by telephone, in a voice message- tel. 02-6527550,and on the website.
 
3)   Where can one find an explanation of the "neutralized?" index -the impact of summer hours on indices of inputs for construction?
Answer:  This information can be found in the CBS website, under the Price Statistics Monthly, "Notes and Explanations to the Tables", Section D.
 
4)   Changes in the base - why does the base of the index change every few years?
Answer:  The base changes whenever the basket of the CPI is updated, and in accordance with the Household Expenditure Survey which is conducted periodically.
 
5)   Where are the weights of the items in the CPI published?
Answer:  The material is published in the Price Statistics Monthly.
 
6)   Are data published on prices of dwellings and rent prices, by geographical areas?
Answer:  Quarterly data for the three major cities and other areas of Israel are published in the Price Statistics Monthly.
 
 
Crime / Public Order
1)   Does the Central Bureau of Statistics publish data on violence in general and wife beating in particular?
Answer:  Current statistics are published in the Monthly Bulletin of Statistics. See also the Victimization Survey (Hebrew only).
 
2)   Are there statistics on sexual harassment and rape?
Answer:  For data beyond those mentioned in the above question, contact the Association of Rape Crisis Centers, Tel: 026242824.
 
 
Elderly
1)   Are data available on senior citizens?
Answer:  one can find data on elderly in the survey of Israeli citizens aged 60 and over (Hebrew Only), which was conducted in 1997-1998. In addition, data on senior citizens appear in the Statistilite pamphlet on "Israeli Citizens aged 65 and Over". For further information, please contact the Brookdale Institute in Jerusalem
 
 
Elections
1)   Where is possible to find data on election results?
Answer:  Data on elections to the Knesset and elections for Prime Minister can be found in the Statistical Abstract of Israel, Chapter 10. For further details, and for information on the results of municipal elections, contact the Information Unit of the Central Bureau of Statistics.
 
 
Financial and Capital Markets
1)   Where is it possible to find data on daily representative exchange rates?
Answer:  The data is published in the Monthly Bulletin of Statistics table I/11 Average (monthly) exchange rates are published in table I/12.
 
 
Foreign Trade
1)   Where are data published on imports/exports of a given commodity (e.g., vacuum cleaners)?
Answer:  The data can be found on the website- "Exports and Imports by Commodities and Countries". The data fefer to the value (in thousands of dollars) of imports/exports of items, and sometimes also to quantities. General data are published in the Foreign Trade Statistics Monthly.
 
 
Immigration
1)   How many immigrants have arrived in Israel, and from what countries?
Answer:  The data are published on the CBS website, under Statistical Abstract of Israel, Table 4.4. Updated information is also published in the Monthly Bulletin of Statistics, Table E/4.
 
2)   Are data available on emigrants from Israel?
Answer:  Yes. For details, contact the information unit.
 
 
Industry
1)   Where can one find information on sales of products and revenue in manufacturing?
Answer:  Data on sales are published in the Survey of Products and Materials in Manufacturing 1995. The publication can be purchased, or is available for review at the information unit of the Central Bureau of Statistics. Data on dealers and revenue in the economy can be found in the publication Dealers and Revenue of Economic Industries according to Value Added Tax.
 
2)   How many businesses are there in Israel?
Answer:  The data is published in the publication: Business Demography 2003-2007. Data on opening and closing of businesses appear in press releases on manufacturing.
 
3)   Does the CBS publish data on credit card purchases?
Answer:  On the CBS website, under the category "Press Releases" on the topic of "Manufacturing", data are published monthly on the index of credit card purchases by households.
 
 
International Comparisons
1)   Does the C.B.S publish data on international comparisons?
Answer:  In the Statistical Abstract in chapter 28, there are International comparisons on various topics.
 
 
Labor and Wages
1)   Where are data on the average monthly wage published?
Answer:  The precise term is "average monthly wage per employee post". Updated figures are published on the CBS website, under Monthly Bulletin of Statistics, Table K/4 (Israeli Workers Only - Original Data), and on the home page of the CBS website, under "Main Indicators".The data refer also to workers from Judea and Samaria and the Gaza Area, as well as to foreign workers. In addition, data on the average wage by industries are published in the Monthly Bulletin of Statistics in Table K/10.Longitudinal data can be found on the CBS website under "Selected Data", and in the Statistical Abstract of Israel.
 
2)   Does the CBS publish the minimum wage rate?
Answer:  Minimum wage rates are provided by the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, Tel: 026294975.
 
3)   Where can one find information on cost-of-living allowance rates?
Answer:  The cost-of-living allowance rates are listed in the Statistical Abstract of Israel, Table 12.46.
 
4)   Is the average monthly wage per employee post published by occupation, or by specific industries?
Answer:  The CBS publishes the average monthly wage per employee post by divisions and not by occupations. The average monthly wage per employee post are published in the Monthly Bulletin of Statistics, Tables K/9 and K/11.
 
5)   Where can one find out how many persons are employed in a given industry (e.g., banking) and in the overall economy?
Answer:  The number of employees in different industries is published in the Monthly Bulletin of Statistics, Table K/2. In addition, more detailed information on employed persons is published in the Labour Force Surveys publication.The publication is available for reading or purchase at the information units of the Central Bureau of Statistics. Further data can be found in Labour and Wages  statistics  &
 
6)   Where are data on unemployment by localities published?
Answer:  Data on unemployment in the large cities are published in the Statistical Abstract of Israel, Table 12.4.
 
7)   Where are data on foreign workers published?
Answer:  Data on foreign workers are published on the CBS website, under  "Press Releases" on the topic of labour (Hebrew), and in the Monthly Bulletin of Statistics table K/16
 
8)   Why did the CBS decide to make the transition from a quarterly to a monthly labour force survey?
Answer:  A quarterly survey is a survey in which country-wide sample coverage is completed each quarter, whereas in a monthly survey the sample coverage is completed each month. Until December 2011, the CBS released monthly data based on a quarterly survey. The result is that it was not possible to distinguish if the changes that were noted in the monthly data during a quarter were a result of partial sample coverage or were a true change in the employment and unemployment rate. The decision to change the survey was made in order to improve the published data and to provide a better database for decision makers and other users. A monthly survey requires a larger sample (about three times larger), covers more localities and therefore, we believe, better reflects the market condition than the quarterly survey. Other factors that led to the decision to make updates in the Labour Force Survey relate to the recommendation of the ILO (International Labour Organization) to make changes in the measurement method (accordingly, to measure the entire labour force). The recommendation was first presented by the ILO in the mid 1980's. About two years ago, Israel ratified Convention 160 of the ILO, concerning international standards for data reporting processes of labour market statistics (Labour Statistic Convention, 1985). At the same time, Israel began the process of joining the OECD, which brought with it an examination of processes by international experts. These experts, together with expert
 
9)   What caused the differences between the monthly and the quarterly survey and is there is a central factor explaining the differences in estimates according to the monthly survey compared to data that was published from the quarterly survey?
Answer:  Transition from civilian labour force to entire labour force (including the military) to improve the comparisons to data published by other countries. In order to not publish data on the size of the military, transparency is somewhat compromised with regard to the size of sub-populations and data relating to industries. In the monthly survey the population was updated according to the results of the latest Population Census and so the size of the population and its characteristics changed between the surveys. For example, the result of examining civilian labour force data between the two surveys is that there is an increase in the number of employed persons and the number of those who sought work in both surveys, but the number of those who sought work increased at a higher rate. The monthly survey includes more localities in the periphery than the quarterly survey. If employment and unemployment rates are different in the types of localities then it might cause differences in the results between the two surveys. The ratio between those who respond by phone and those who respond by face to face interview has changed between the two surveys. A difference in the responses received by phone survey compared to those in a face to face interview might influence the results of the survey. Answering by telephone allows a certain degree of anonymity.
 
10)   Do OECD countries measure labour force characteristics differently than Israel?
Answer:  Measurement of labour force characteristics world-wide is made according to the recommendations of the International Labour Organization ILO (including OECD countries). There is no separate method of measurement in the OECD countries. Since the beginning of Labour Force Survey in the 50's and 60's the survey was conducted according to the recommendations of the ILO. In the ILO there are two methods of measuring labour force characteristics, one in which the civilian labour force is measured and the second in which the entire labour force is measured (including those who serving in the army - compulsory or permanent). In Israel, it was decided at the beginning to use the measurement of the civilian labour force. This was the method conducted until the end of 2011.
 
11)   Are there other countries that underwent a similar process, a transition from a quarterly Labour Force Survey to a monthly Labour Force Survey, and what were the results of this transition?
Answer:  An examination of database of ILO shows that Australia underwent a similar process in the years 1977-1978. The quarterly survey was conducted simultaneously with the monthly survey for one month. The results were that the unemployment rate in the last quarter of 1977 was 5.5%, and the unemployment rate in February 1978 was 7.5%.
 
12)   What is the recommended method for analyzing historical data of the labour market? Is it possible to work with chaining coefficients on data in a seasonally adjusted and trend series?
Answer:  Running the two surveys simultaneously in the 4th quarter of 2011 allows a calculation of the chaining coefficients between the data obtained from the monthly survey and the data obtained from the quarterly survey. A detailed explanation including an example of calculating chained data was published in the Press Release 081/2012 "Labour Force Survey Data, February 2012". In addition it should be noted that the chaining coefficient can be used on a seasonally adjusted and trend series. In order to calculate relative measures based on chained data, one must first calculate chained data in each series (for which one wishes to calculate the relative index) and only afterwards calculate the relative index. For example, in order to calculate the chained unemployment rate, a chained figure should be calculated for the series of participants in the labour force, according to the chaining coefficient of the series, and a chained figure for the series of unemployed persons according to the chaining coefficient of the series should be calculated, and only afterwards the unemployment rate of the labour force can be calculated, according to the chained data.
 
 
Living Conditions
1)   With regard to consumption expenditures - what is the average amount that a family spends per month on clothing, food, transportation, etc.?
Answer:  This information can be found on the CBS website under "Press Releases" on the topic " Standard of Living ", in the publications Household Expenditure Survey, General Summaries,and Income Survey as well as in the Statistilite pamphlet, "Household Expenditure Survey and Income Survey" (hebrew Only). Consumption expenditures do not include (1) savings, such as payments to pension funds, provident funds, and repayment of debts (e.g., mortgage payments). (2) Transfer of payments to other households. (3) Taxes: income tax, National Insurance and State Health Insurance payments.
 
2)   What percentage of households that own computers subscribe to the Internet and have at least one cellular phone?
Answer:  The data can be found on the CBS website under "Press Releases" on the topic "Standard of Living", in the publication Household Expenditure Survey, General Summaries, as well as in the Statistical Abstract of Israel, Table 5.35.
 
3)   Does the CBS publish data on the poverty line?
Answer:  The CBS does not publish data on the poverty line. That information can be obtained from the National Insurance Institute. For the Report on Measurement of Poverty, contact the information unit.
 
4)   What is the average income per household?
Answer:  This information can be found in the Income Survey publication, which includes data on the average income per household by deciles, years of schooling, sex, age, and continent of birth. The publication is available for reading or purchase at the information units of the Central Bureau of Statistics.
 
5)   What is the difference between wages and income?
Answer:  1. Wages are the salaries paid to employees, as reported by employers. The source of the data is administrative files. 2. Income from salaried employment. The source is the individual's reports, from the income survey and household expenditure survey. 3. Total income of households from all sources: (a) employees and self-employed members; (b) pension; (c) provident funds, etc, allowances, subsidies. The source of the data is the income survey and the household expenditure survey.
 
 
Localities
1)   Where can one find out about the number of residents in a given locality?
Answer:  Data on the number of residents in various localities are provided on the home page of the CBS website, under Population of Israel.
 
2)   Where are other economic, demographic and social data on localities published?
Answer:  These data can be found in the publication, Local Authorities in Israel For further information, contact the Information Unit.
 
3)   Where can one find out about the socioeconomic ranking of a given locality?
Answer:  Data on characterization and ranking of localities can be found in press releases (Hebrew only).
These data can be found in the publication Characterization and Classification of Local Authorities, by the Socio-Economic Level of the Population .There is also a ranking for statistical areas (which are approximately equivalent to neighborhoods) that can be found in the publication Characterization and Classification of Geographic Units by the Socio-Economic Level of the Population (Publication no. 13 of the Census of Population and Housing 1995 Series).For details, contact the Information Unit.
 
 
Names
1)   Does the CBS publish common first and last names?
Answer:  As of 2002, the CBS has been publishing common first and last names. For more information, please contact the Information Unit at tel: 02-65929666, or 03-5681933.5681933.
 
 
National Accounts
1)   What is the difference between GDP and GNP?
Answer:  GDP-Gross Domestic Product -is the net value of goods and services produced by resident producer units (before deduction of provisions for consumption of fixed capital). This value is equal to the sum of revenue that is distributed by the resident producer units. GNP-Gross National Product - was published according to the guidelines of the previous system of national accounts (SNA 68). In the new system of national accounts (SNA-93), the GNP is called "Gross National Income",the equivalent of the GDP plus income paid to Israeli units operating abroad, and less payments to foreign units operating in Israel.
 
2)   Why don't the components of the product in 1995 prices after chaining add up to the total product?
Answer:  The national accounts were originally calculated for each year at current prices and at the prices of the previous year. That is, the data for 1996 were calculated at 1996 prices and at 1995 prices; the data for 1997 were calculated at 1997 prices and at 1996 prices. The quantitative changes in 1997 compared with 1996 were obtained by calculating the ratio of 1997 data at 1996 prices to 1996 data at 1996 prices. Data were chained at 1995 prices using the quantitative changes. . For example, a figure for 1997 at 1995 prices after chaining equals the 1996 figure at 1995 prices times the ratio of 1997 data to 1996 data at 1996 prices. Chaining was carried out for each series separately. The weighted components at 1996 prices are different from the weighted components at 1995 prices because the weight of the components in the total changes from year to year. Therefore, the sum of the components of the product in 1995 prices after chaining is different from the sum of the product series in 1996 prices after chaining.
 
3)   What is the difference between per capita product in dollars and per capita product in PPP terms?
Answer:  The per capita GDP in dollars is calculated on the basis of the regular exchange rate. The exchange rates for different currencies are sometimes set administratively and sometimes through intervention of the main banks in the foreign currency market, and they do not reflect the real price ratios between the various countries. Even if the exchange rates are set in the market without any intervention, they are mainly related to trade flows and international capital transactions. That is, exchange rates do not express the price ratios of some of the product components that are non-tradable or whose tradability is low, such as public services, buildings, roads, and other infrastructure work. Price differences between countries may be large for products that are not traded. Therefore, per-capita product prices in dollars in various countries, which are calculated at regular currency exchange rates, cannot be compared. Special exchange rates such as PPP (Purchasing Power Parity) can be used to deduct the differences in price levels between countries. For a given sum of money that is exchanged on the basis of PPP, it is possible to purchase an identical basket of goods and services in every country. Thus, the GDP in the various countries that is obtained on the basis of PPP is calculated at fixed prices. In that way, it is possible to compare the amount of goods and services in different countries.
 
4)   Where can one find the total Gross National Income for a given year?
Answer:  The Gross National Income is published in the Statistical Abstract of Israel, Table 14.4.
 
 
Population
1)   What is Israel's population today? How many are Jews? How many are Arabs?
Answer:  The latest statistics on the number of residents in Israel and the distribution of Arab and Jewish residents are provided on the website of the Central Bureau of Statistics, under Monthly Bulletin of Statistics, Table B/1. In addition, see Main Indicators: Data and Findings
 
2)   Projections of population: What years do they refer to, and where are they published?
Answer:  Projections of population up to 2025 are published on the CBS website, under List of CBS Publications on the Population of Israel.
 
3)   How many live births have occurred in a specific year?
Answer:  The data is published in the Monthly Bulletin of Statistics table C/1. 
 
 
Press Releases
1)   Where is it possible to find a press release on a specific topic, e.g., Labour and Wages or Population ?
Answer:  Press releases can be found on the CBS website, under Press Releases - by subject or by date. The date of the press releases is published on a weekly and/or monthly basis.
 
 
Religious/Non-religious
1)   Does the CBS publish data on ultra-Orthodox, religious, and secular Jews?
Answer:  On the home page of the CBS website there is a table generator, which can be used to find data on religious, secular, and ultra-Orthodox Jews in Israel. For further details, please contact the information Units in Jerusalem (02-6592666) or Tel-Aviv (03-5681933) In addition, there is a working paper on this topic
 
 
Social Survey
1)   Are data from the social survey published?
Answer:  Data from the social survey are published in the Statistical Abstract of Israel, Tables 7.1-7.5, as well as in the Table Generator. There is a sheet that explains how to use the Table Generator. Additional information can also be found in the publication: "The Social Survey". For further details, please contact the Information Unit.
 
 
Terror
1)   Where can one find data on terror victims?
Answer:  On the website of the Israel Defense Forces.
 
 
Tourism
1)   How many tourist arrivals and departures of Israelis abroad were there during the past year?
Answer:  The data can be found on the CBS website, under Monthly Bulletin of Statistics, Chapter E. In addition, press releases can be found on the CBS website under "Press Releases", on the topic of tourism.
 
2)   Where is it possible to find data on occupancy and revenue of hotels by geographical distribution?
Answer:  Data on occupancy and revenue of hotels can be found in the Statistical Abstract (chapter 23) and in the Tourism and Hotel Services Statistics Quarterly. For details, contact the information unit..
 
3)   Are there data on rural tourism (bed and breakfast)?
Answer:  As of 2003, data on rural tourism appear in press releases on tourism. Data on rural tourism are published in the quarterly publication on tourism as well as in the annual publication entitled "Tourism". To obtain the data, please contact the Information Unit.
 
 
Transportation
1)   Where is it possible to find data on vehicles and drivers?
Answer:  Data on vehicles can be found in the Motor Vehicles page of the CBS website. Data on drivers can be found on the Licenced To Drive page.
 
2)   Is it possible to produce data on transportation by locality?
Answer:  : The information is in Hebrew only.
 
3)   Where can one find data on road accidents with casualties, specifically data on accident location?
Answer:  The data can be found on the Road accident page on the CBS website.
 
4)   Is it possible to find the daily average number of vehicles on a specific road?
Answer:  This data can be found in the publication "Traffic Counting on Non-Urban Roads" (Hebrew only) found on the Traffic Counting page.
 
5)   What is the yearly distance traveled (kilometrage) of cars, trucks and buses?
Answer:  The data can be found on the Kilometrage page.
 
6)   Is it possible to find data on vehicles added or subtracted from the roads in a particular year?
Answer:  Data can be found in the publication: Motor Vehicles (tables 34-36), found at the bottom of the Vehicles page.
 
7)   Where is it possible to locate international comparisons on vehicles and road accidents?
Answer:  International comparisons of vehicles can be found in the publication "Motor Vehicles" (Table 6) and in the Statistical Abstract of Israel (Chapter 28 Table 23), found on the Vehicles page. International comparisons of road accidents can be found in the publication "Road Accidents with Casualties" (Tables L and M) as well as in the Statistical Abstract of Israel (Chapter 28 Tables 24-25), found on the Road Accidents page.
 
8)   What are the roads, streets and intersections on which most traffic accidents occurred in a specific year?
Answer:  The data is in Hebrew only.
 
9)   Where can one find data on the movement of passengers and cargo on railways?
Answer:  Data on this subject can be found on the Railways.
 
10)   Where is it possible to find data on revenue and wages of selected transportation branches?
Answer:  In the Transport Statistics Quarterly there is a table that includes data on the revenue of selected transportation branches (Table 2), and there is also a table that includes data on the number of employees and their average wage (Table 5).
 
11)   Where is it possible to find data on drivers convicted of driving offenses?
Answer:  Data on drivers convicted of driving offenses as well as data regarding those offenses, can be found on the Driving Convictions and Convicted Drivers page.
 
12)   Where is it possible to find data on movement of passengers and cargo in air transport?
Answer:  This data can be found on the Airport Services page.
 
 
Women
1)   Does the Central Bureau of Statistics publish data on the status of women and discrepancies between women and men?
Answer:  Detailed data on women are published in the Statistilite pamphlet on "Women" (Hebrew Only) Data by gender can be found in several publications. For details, contact the information unit.
 
send us Questions to  info@cbs.gov.il  
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