At the end of 2019, the population of Ethiopian origin in Israel numbered 155,300 residents. Approximately 87,500 were born in Ethiopia, and 67,800 were Israeli-born with fathers born in Ethiopia.
In 2019, 818 immigrants arrived in Israel from Ethiopia.
Approximately 63% of the population of Ethiopian origin lives in two main districts: about 38% live in the Central District and about 25% live in the Southern District. At the end of 2019, the urban locality with the largest population of Ethiopian origin was Netanya (approximately 12,000 persons). However, the highest percentage of residents of Ethiopian origin out of the total population in a locality was found in Qiryat Mal'akhi (16.0%).
Live births: In 2019, 3,950 infants were born to women of Ethiopian origin in Israel. That year, the average number of children that a woman of Ethiopian origin is expected to bear during her lifetime was 2.92.
During the 2018/19 academic year, 31,890 students of Ethiopian origin – 2.4% of the total population of students in the Hebrew education system – were enrolled in primary and secondary schools.
The percentage of 12th-grade students of Ethiopian origin taking matriculation exams was 92% in 2019, compared with 95.1% of the students in the Hebrew education system overall.
The percentage of those eligible for a matriculation certificate that meets university entrance requirements has been rising in recent years.
The number of students of Ethiopian origin in institutions of higher education has been increasing in recent years: from 2,372 in 2011/12 to 3,546 in 2019/20.
The percentage of first degree students of Ethiopian origin who went on to study towards a first degree in academic colleges was higher than their percentage out of all students in Hebrew education (51.0% compared with 40.4%, respectively).
There were 2,101 active athletes of Ethiopian origin in 2018/19, approximately 1.7% of the total number of active athletes.
Net money income per household among persons of Ethiopian origin was NIS 14,027, compared with NIS 17,276 among households in the overall population, whereas money expenditure was NIS 9,303, compared to NIS 13,324 in the overall population.