At the end of 2018, the population of Ethiopian origin in Israel was 151,800 residents. Approximately 86,900 were born in Ethiopia, and 64,900 were Israeli-born with fathers born in Ethiopia.
In 2018, 208 immigrants arrived in Israel from Ethiopia. (Of these, 56 were immigrants and 152 arrived under a different status - in most cases, under family reunification).
More than 60% of the population of Ethiopian origin lives in two main districts: approximately 38% live in the Central District and approximately 25% live in the Southern District. At the end of 2018, the urban locality with the largest population of Ethiopian origin was Netanya (approximately 11,900 persons). However, the highest percentage of residents of Ethiopian origin out of the total population in a locality was found in Qiryat Mal'akhi (16.3%).
The population of Ethiopian origin marries at a later age than the overall Jewish population.
87% of persons of Ethiopian origin marry another person of the same origin; more men (90%) than women (84%) marry other persons of Ethiopian origin.
The divorce rate among the population of Ethiopian origin was higher than among the overall Jewish population (16 per 1,000 marriages, compared with 9 per 1,000 marriages in the overall Jewish population).
Live births - In 2018, 3,913 infants were born to women of Ethiopian origin in Israel. That year, the average number of children that a woman of Ethiopian origin was expected to bear during her lifetime was 2.95.
The percentage of single-parent families in the population of Ethiopian origin was higher than in the Jewish population - approximately 26%. This was twice the percentage of single-parent families among the overall population of Jews and Others in Israel (approximately 13%).
During the 2017/18 academic year, 32,137 students of Ethiopian origin - 2.4% of the total population of students in the Hebrew education system - were enrolled in primary and secondary schools.
The percentage of 12th-grade students of Ethiopian origin taking matriculation exams was 92.4% in 2018, compared with 95% of the students in the Hebrew education system overall.
The number of students of Ethiopian origin in institutions of higher education has been increasing in recent years: from 2,372 in 2011/12 to 3,417 in 2018/19.
In 2018, approximately 33,000 immigrants of Ethiopian origin were registered at the Ministry of Labor, Social Affairs and Social Services - a rate of approximately 376 per 1,000 persons. By way of comparison, approximately 180 per 1,000 persons in the Jewish and Others population born abroad were registered at the ministry.
The percentage of persons of Ethiopian origin who were judged was 6.6% of the total number of Jewish and Other residents of Israel who were judged. The percentage of persons of Ethiopian origin among the juveniles (14.3%) was much higher than the percentage of adults (6.0%).
There were 1,781 active athletes of Ethiopian origin in 2017/18 - similar to their number in 2016/17 (1,775). The active athletes of Ethiopian origin make up approximately 1.9% of the total number of active athletes.
Net money income per household among persons of Ethiopian origin was NIS 13,306, compared with NIS 16,518 among households in the overall population, whereas money expenditure was NIS 10,549, compared to NIS 13,114 in the overall population.