At the end of 2020, the Moslem population of Israel was estimated at 1.669 million (18% of all residents) – an increase of 33,000 compared with the end of 2019.
The annual growth rate of the Moslem population in 2020 was 2.0%, as in the previous year.
Jerusalem had the largest number of Moslem residents (354,000), who comprise 21.2% of all Moslems in Israel, and 37.1% of the city's residents.
The Moslem population is young: The percentage of children aged 0–14 is high (32.9%), and the percentage of people aged 65 and over is low (4.5%).
The percentage of Moslem never-married women aged 45-49 is 11.4%, whereas the percentage of Moslem never-married men aged 45-49 is 4.5%.
The total fertility rate (the average number of children that a woman is expected to bear in her lifetime) in the Moslem population declined from 3.20 children per woman in 2018 to 3.16 children per woman in 2019, compared with 3.09 children per Jewish woman, 1.80 children per Christian woman, and 2.02 children per Druze woman.
In 2020 life expectancy of Moslems was 78.5 years.
Approximately 29% of the households headed by Moslems have six or more persons, compared with only about 9% of the households headed by Jews.
In 2019/20, there were 391,607 Moslem students in primary and secondary education. (Of those students, 6,121 were enrolled in Hebrew education, and the rest were enrolled in Arab education).
The percentage of Moslems among all degree recipients in Israel in 2019/20 amounted to 10.4%. Although the relative share of Moslems among degree recipients is on the rise, it is still significantly lower than their relative share among the overall population of Israel (20.0% aged 22-32).
The percentage of participation in the labour force in 2020 among Moslems aged 15 and over was 38.9% (52.4% among men and 25.3% among women).
In 2020, approximately 305,500 Moslems were registered at the Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs, and Social Services.
In 2019, 31.1% (7,600) of the residents of Israel who were judged in criminal trials were Moslems.
In 2020, there were 708,125 Moslem drivers (licenced to drive), of whom 39.4% were women.
In 2020, 4,425 Moslems were injured in road accidents with casualties of the Expanded R.A. type (24.3% of all casualties). Of these, 83 were killed, 476 were seriously injured and 3,866 were slightly injured.