While the development of technology and industry has contributed to economic growth and prosperity, it has, at the same time, increased the usage of raw materials and natural resources, caused pollution, and negatively influenced on the environment. Countries around the world began to study the effects on the environment and the means necessary to treat them. Israel also realized that the damage required attention. For effective treatment of environmental damage, reliable, continuous data regarding the consequences of human activity on the environment is needed. Data are presented on the costs to the economy of preventing and minimizing damage to the environment; the amounts of emissions to the environment (air pollutants, greenhouse gases, and waste); efforts to minimize emissions (recycling); as well as historic data on biodiversity.